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Child Abuse

KCWA Family and Social Services is a non-profit organization established in 1985 by a group of women who were concerned with women and family issues and serves women, men, senior and youth all of them.

What is Child Abuse?

Child abuse refers to any form of physical, psychological, social, emotional or sexual maltreatment of a child whereby the survival, safety, self-esteem, growth and development of the child are endangered. There are four main types of child abuse: neglect, emotional, physical and sexual.

Types of Child Abuse


Neglect is when a parent/caregiver does not provide for the basic emotional and physical needs of the child on an ongoing basis. Examples of neglect include not providing the proper:

  • Food

  • Clothing

  • Housing

  • Supervision

  • Safe surroundings

  • Personal health care

  • Medical and emotional care

  • Education

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse includes anything a parent/caregiver does that results in physical harm to a child. Physical abuse may happen if a child is punished harshly, even though the parent/caregiver may not have meant to hurt the child. Examples of physical abuse include:

  • Bruises

  • Marks in the shape of objects or hand prints

  • Shaking

  • Burns

  • Human bite marks

  • Fractures of the skull, arms, legs and ribs

Emotional Abuse

Emotional abuse is when a parent/caregiver who continually uses any of the following when interacting or disciplining a child is emotionally abusing the child.

  • Rejecting

  • Criticizing

  • Insulting

  • Humiliating

  • Isolating

  • Terrorizing

  • Corrupting

  • Not responding emotionally

  • Punishing a child for exploring the environment

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse occurs when a person uses power over a child, and involves the child in any sexual act. This abuser is more powerful because of age, intelligence, physical strength, control over the child, and the child’s need to be taken care of by others. The offender gets the child to participate by using threats, bribes, lying and takin advantage of the of the child’s trust. Sexual abuse includes involving the child in acts such as:

  • Fondling(touching the child in a sexual way)

  • Getting the child to touch the abuser inappropriately

  • Oral sex

  • Inserting fingers, penis, or objects in the vagina or anus

  • Exposing oneself

  • Allowing a child to watch pornography

  • Involving a child in pornography or prostitution

  • Sexual exploitation over the internet

Reporting Suspicions of Child Abuse

  • Children’s Aid Society of Toronto: 416-924-4640

  • Catholic Children’s Aid Society: 416-395-1500

  • Jewish Family and Child Service: 416-638-7800

  • Naïve Child and Family Services: 416-928-0706

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